A. Qurbani (an urdu and Persian word) is also known (in Arabic) as ’Udhiyya’. It refers to the sacrifice of an animal which is slaughtered for the Sake of Allah.
A. Those people who are financially able to and are above the age of puberty should give Qurbani.
A. It is recommended to fast the first 10 days of Dhu’l-Hijjah. Ibn ’Abbas (ra) reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said: "There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days." The people asked, "Not even jihad for the sake of Allah?" He (pbuh) said "Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight, giving himself and his wealth up for the cause and came back with nothing." [Bukhari]
It is also sunnah to fast on the ninth day of Dhu’l-Hijjah, according to a sahih hadith reported in an-Nisai and Abu Dawud.
A. The sunnah indicates that the one who wants to offer sacrifice (Qurbani) should stop cutting his hair and nails and removing anything from his skin, from the beginning of the ten days until after he has offered his sacrifice. The Prophet (pbuh) said, "When you see the new moon of Dhu\l-Hijjah, if any one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, then he should stop cutting his hair and nails until he has offered his sacrifice." [Muslim]
The wisdom behind this is that the one who wants to offer a Qurbani resembles some of the actions of those who are in ihram (eg. Those who are performing Hajj).
A. Performing Hajj and Umrah during the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah is one of the best deeds that a Muslim can do. However there are other virtuous acts that Muslims can do, who are not going to Hajj and Umrah.
It is sunnah to say "Allahu Akbar", "Alhamdulillah", "La ilaha illAllah" and "Subhan’Allah" during the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah. This can be said in the masjid, the home, the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allah and mention His Name out loud.
"That they might witness things that are of benefit to them and mention the Name of Allah on appointed days, over the beast of cattle that He Has Provided for them..." [Surat Al-Hajj 22:28]
The majority of scholars agree that the ’appointed days’ are the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah because of the words of Ibn Abbas (ra), "The ’appointed days’ are the first ten days (of Dhu’l-Hijjah).